We are in 16th century art in Northern Europe and Spain. So, the northern renaissance. We’re going to talk about key characteristics of the renaissance in this region.

We’re in Spain, parts of France, and the large area to the right of France is now called the Holy Roman Empire was once Flanders.

The commonalities of the Italian and Northern renaissance is that humanism is a recurring theme in both areas, and there is a focus on individual achievements. Artists also take more credit for their work. We’re seeing these artistic hotshots appear. They’re signing their work.

We see the emergence of portraiture in both the Italian and the Northern renaissance. And following along with this idea, humanism, you see artists exploring nature and mathematics, and coming up with new scientific discoveries.

The differences are much more numerous. Both areas have this classical revival apparent. The difference between that though is that the classical revival in Italy is really focused on ancient Greece and Rome. So, think of you know the sculpture and the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome is really what they’re influenced by. They incorporated that into their art.

In the northern renaissance, you still see ancient Greece and Rome influenced, but their work is more based on Greek text. Especially the New Testament. Especially The Book of Revelations. Because remember in the year 1500 people see signs of the apocalypse and think of the world could possibly be ending. So, we see this theme of the quest for salvation appear in the art.